The african continent has a rich cultural heritage, with many traditional values however, there are also cultural practices that are harmful to specific groups, in particular to women female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) is an example of such a harmful traditional practice, recognized as a violation of the human rights of. This paper places the discourse in the context of western cultural imperialism the definition of female genital mutilation (fgm) by the world health organization (who) is questioned as being partial and amounting to cultural profiling the paper interrogates the case against female circumcision and. In recent years, however, this culture has become increasingly heterogeneous as a result of this greater diversity of beliefs and subcultures, some interesting challenges to these liberal traditions have arisen an example of where such challenge elicits particularly divergent views is the issue of female genital mutilation,. Female genital cutting (fgc), which has also been called female cir- cumcision, is a procedure that has existed for over 2,000 years and is practiced worldwide in many different cultures for a variety of reasons it is defined as the derived from self-report and case studies and large population samples are hampered by.
The influence of cultural relativism on international human rights law: female circumcision as a case study katherine brennan follow this and additional works at: law & inequality: a journal of theory and practice is published by the university of minnesota libraries. A major international movement has developed over the past 20 years to eradicate the cultural practice of female circumcision that takes place in many african and asian countries in cases where a girl is being forced into circumcision against her will, we ensure that the girl is taken away from her family to a secure place. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is the cultural, and sometimes religious, practice of cutting young girls – often with the goal of restricting their. The summer holiday is known as 'cutting season' - when thousands of migrant families travel with their young daughters to their native countries to undergo female genital mutilation elle speaks to one somali survivor about her experience, changing cultural attitudes and fighting back by louise donovan.
The next morning i read, “cameron in crackdown on summer surge of fgm cases ” (from the observer, sunday 14 june 2015) new laws aimed at preventing young girls being taken abroad to undergo what the prime minister described as the “cruel and barbaric practice” of female genital mutilation (fgm) were to be. Female genital mutilation (fgm) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital recent estimates indicate that around 90% of cases include clitoridectomy, excision or cases where girls' genitals are “nicked” but no flesh removed (type iv ), and. Banning female genital cutting is not a simple solution this may result in high mortality rates, as in the case of abortion they argue that female circumcision is not a cultural issue and that women and children should not be coerced into painful operations against their will top.
Female genital mutilation is a term used to describe a wide range of traditional practices that involves partial or total removal of external female genital for c we conclude in view of that the overall arguments between universalists and cultural relativists disclose the tension that has begun before three decades ago. The case of a woman seeking refuge in the united states from her tribe's ritual of female genital mutilation raises the question: are human rights universal. Reports and articles, this thesis questions why the criminalization of female genital mutilation has not reduced this practice among africans and immigrants living in canada using qualitative case study research methodology as well as the theories of cultural relativism and feminist human rights, this thesis suggests that.
Title: when culture harms - a case study on female genital mutilation in ethiopia and reverberations felt in a wider context from a political and ethical perspective author: petra spencer purpose and questions: the purpose with this thesis is to explore why female genital mutilation (fgm) persist in ethiopia, and secondly. Cultural conditions-without which choice is unavailable to most individuals developing a human rights case on which to promote health: the case of female genital mutilation before bringing the human rights paradigm to bear on a health issue, careful examination of the practice or condi- tion in question is needed to.
In judging other cultures: the case of genital mutilation, nussbaum discusses female genital mutilation (fgm) she tells the story of fauziya kassindja, who applied for political asylum in the united states in order to escape enforced genital mutilation in her home country of togo (pg 118) nussbaum then asks whether. Friedrich stark / alamy stock photo viewers' attitudes towards female genital mutilation (fgm) were changed by watching movies in which characters presented divergent views, held by people in sudanese communities the movies were produced as part of a study conducted by university of zurich. Circumcision, gender politics, and cultural aesthetics' in dobash, emerson and dobash, russell (eds) rethinking violence against women (sage publications, 1998) 'gender crusades: the female circumcision controversy in cultural perspective' in hernlund, ylva and shell-duncan, bettina (eds),.
1 what are the implications for the capability approach according to martha nussbaum and cultural relativism according to herskovits on female genital mutilation 2 what are the arguments for and against the capability approach and cultural relativism when related to female genital mutilation 14 theories, method and. This paper will have an overall legal-sociological approach to the case of female mutilation it will examine part of its background and propose ways of ending this practise - or rather point out what may be ways, since changing cultural customs are not easily done the paper will start by examining the cultural practices that. At least 200 million girls and women in 30 countries worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (fgm) the practice is most common in africa, asia and the middle east, and carried out due to cultural or religious traditions in the case of the couple charged with mutilating their daughter. Cultural rights or human rights: the case of female genital mutilation henriette dahan kalev1 the women's international conference in1995 in beijing proposed the idea that women's rights be considered within the category of general human rights our concepts about hu- man rights are rooted in the liberal traditions.