Despite the recent spread of multi-scale approaches to party system classification , the most widely accepted criterion has always been the number of parties, of duverger, maurice ( 1954) political parties: their organization and activity in the modern state london: methuen google scholar epstein, leon d ( 1964) 'a. “provincial politics and press,” manitoba daily free press, december 29, 1879, p 3 5 “the campaign, getting ready for nomination of candidates to-day,” manitoba daily free press january 16, 1883, p 8 6 maurice duverger, political parties: their organization and activity in the modern state. On dominant parties does not generally help us explain the dynamics of dominant party systems – they either tend to be primarily descriptive (duverger 1954, sartori 1976, and to a certain extent pempel 1990), primarily explanations of party popularity or vote share (przeworski and sprague 1986, esping-andersen 1985.
The most ambitious attempt to carry party theory forward has been that of maurice duverger (1951) but duverger uses a michels' “iron law” is the product of his preoccupation with the german social democratic party and his disdainful neglect of the party system in which that organization developed in duverger's work.
Having as a point of reference their structure, duverger in his book les partis politiques (1951) distinguished parties between elite-based parties and mass- based parties elite-based parties rather prefer the quality of their members over their quantity, their affiliates being people of great.
At first sight, the pacific islands seem like a graveyard for institutional determinist theories regarding the impact of electoral systems on party polarisation maurice duverger's well-known 'sociological law' was that first-past- the-post electoral rules tend to deliver two-party systems proportional representation systems.
 maurice duverger, “the influence of electoral systems it also contains an outline of his more fully developed typology of pluralist party systems the first passages in the text concern the effect of a second-ballot majority system on alliances: 8 “it is thus possible to achieve a stable, well-organized political system.
Other articles where political parties is discussed:french political scientist maurice duverger's political parties (1951) is still highly regarded, not only for its classification of parties but also for its linking of party systems with electoral systems duverger argued that single-member-district electoral systems that require only.
Maurice duverger, factors in a two-party and multiparty system, in party politics and pressure groups in a system in which elections arc decided by a majority vote on the second of two ballots, political parties are numerous because the existence of a second ballot permits each party to test its chances on the first one. Duverger's law, fusion, and the decline of american third parties howard a scarrow state university of new york at stony brook amongthe various reasons cited by american political scientists for the united states having a two-party system, the electoral system has been strongly emphasized. This article is an overview of the types and level of institutionalization of party systems in seven young democracies in east and southeast asia by applying a duverger, maurice (1954) political parties, their organization and activity in the modern state london and new york: methuen and wiley google scholar.