The conclusion should answer your research question(s) remember that a negative conclusion is also valid a summing up should repeat the most important issues raised in your thesis (particularly in the discussion), although preferably stated in a (slightly) different way for example, you could. For some fields of study, the presentation and discussion of findings follows established conventions for others, the researcher's argument determines the structure for example, a thesis in oral history and one in marketing may both use interview data that has been collected and analysed in similar ways, but the way the. But when you are interpreting the results or describing the significance of the findings, the present tense should be used often, a combination of both the past and the present tense is used in sentences within the discussion section example: 63% of the children demonstrated an elevated level of at least. Good prose style still needs to be maintained, and any arguments or generalisations justified the discussion divulges the author's scholarly maturity —or lack thereof therefore, it is advisable to keep notes of thoughts and reflections on the research topic throughout the entire process of working on the thesis, and to write. So, you've got most or all of your results, and now you have to discuss them, which is why this section is called the discussion it is also the most important section of your thesis, because it is where you give meaning to your results this is probably why many students struggle when it comes to writing their discussion. How to write an effective discussion dean r hess phd rrt faarc introduction elements to include in the discussion state the major findings of the study explain the meaning of the findings and why the findings are important relate the findings to those of similar studies consider alternative explanations of the. Page 1 page 2. I noticed that the discussion chapter is one of the hardest to write, especially when you are so close to the results and your head is wrapped up in all the data writing the discussion chapter requires taking a few big steps back and seeing the big picture for that reason, i often write it.
The discussion section is a very important part of your dissertation or research paper it is also one of the most difficult parts to write, and sometimes the longest yet, many students write it in a rushed manner eager to reach the finishing line, they miss the opportunity to fully explore their findings and put. Do not interpret results - save that for the discussion lay out the case as for a jury present sufficient details so that others can draw their own inferences and construct their own explanations use si units (m, s, kg, w, etc) throughout the thesis break up your results into logical segments by using subheadings key results. This is an introduction to writing a discussion section for a research paper or thesis, suitable for people undertaking a masters and phd, or writing up a re. (appendix c: analysis of analytical exposition) introduction to this chapter by recapping main thesis aim outlined in chapters one and two the subsections of this chapter follow a pattern: - link aspect of the study to a research question - - presentation of the results supported by data - discussion and interpretation of.
Obvious to them at the time of writing however, i assure you that many of you will be unpleasantly surprised if after a year or so you go back to one of your old descriptions and try to repeat an experiment that you have not done since in a phd thesis you should discuss with your supervisor how detailed the methods. Writing manuscripts to describe study outcomes, although not easy, is the main task of an academician the aim of the present review is to outline the main aspects of writing the discussion section of a manuscript additionally, we address various issues regarding manuscripts in general it is advisable to work on a.
Our consultants can assist students to find the meaning of the information they have collected and to present it in a manner than can be defended open this chapter by reminding the reader of the purpose of the study methods and procedures: summarize the approach major findings summarize the. Discussion is one of the hardest section in research paper or thesis it needs experience, learning and practice it is not a way to restate your results however, needs to link between your work and others and convince the readers that you work to agree or disagree with other work based on good discussion best regards.
You finish your dissertation with a conclusion and a discussion these are two different sections, but sometimes difficult to separate. Don't believe what your eyes are telling you all they show is limitation look with your understanding find out what you already know and you will see the way to fly ~ richard bach, jonathan livingston seagull since beginning my phd two and a half years ago, i have plugged away at my thesis,. Chapter five of your dissertation or master's thesis typically contains the following elements: (a) a summary of the study, (b) discussion of the findings, (c) implications for practice, (d) recommendations for further research, and (e) conclusions these five elements comprise the sections (or headings) that are. In a short report, your discussion section will also include your conclusion(s) and you can therefore use other headings such as 'discussion and conclusion', or simply 'conclusion(s)' it is also acceptable to use the heading 'interpretation' pay careful attention to the following points when writing your discussion.
A guide to assist you in writing the discussion chapter of your research paper perfectly by- follow us on twitter https://twitter com/bestessays247 or like us on facebook bestessayserv you can also learn more on writing research papers by. Layout the different sections of the thesis need to follow the same configuration to ensure a professional appearance keep a standard layout (font size, line spacing, display of table/figure etc) across the entire document – including the appendices, if possible it may be helpful to look at some sample theses, including both. Yet, arguably the most difficult part of writing your dissertation awaits: your discussion, the place where you sew up the various threads of your research into a with' and 'related to,' write john cone, phd, and sharon foster, phd, in a forthcoming revision of dissertations and theses from start to finish (apa, 2006.
52 presents a discussion of the contribution and limitations of the current work 53 discusses the future work, and finally section 54brings the thesis to a conclusion 51 outputting standard vrml format files that any vrml enabled web-browser can read and display 52 discussion 521 contribution of this thesis. Chapter 6 general conclusions and discussion presented in this thesis are described furthermore, the strengths and limitations of this thesis are considered and suggestions for further research into higher the differences and similarities in the sample indicate that academics from more applied and experimental fields. Just a small amount of writing to go from this point the results and discussion are (relatively) cut and dried but be sure to run them by all committee members and your program director before publishing or creating the poster, to make sure you haven t overlooked anything and make sure they are congruent with your.
Writing the discussion the discussion section is a framing section, like the introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction so reread your introduction carefully before writing the discussion you will discuss how the hypothesis has been demonstrated by the new research and then show. Writing a discussion part for your dissertation requires specific techniques you can learn them from this video as well as get some useful information more. Evans, gruba and zobel, in their book “how to write a better thesis”, describe the discussion chapter as the place where you: “ critically examine your findings in the light of the previous state of the subject as outlined in the background, and make judgments as to what has been learnt in your work. 5 days ago annesley thomas m “the discussion section: your closing argument” clinical chemistry 56 (november 2010): 1671-1674 bitchener, john and helen basturkmen “perceptions of the difficulties of postgraduate l2 thesis students writing the discussion section” journal of english for academic.